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CHAPTER VI- THE CONCEPT OF POP-UP IN SPACE PRODUCTION AND URBAN INTERIORS                                                                                                                                                                                                         
Fatih Mehmet Alhan
Aysu Ceren Yılmaz Barış
Gül Ağaoğlu Çobanlar

Cite this chapter

Alhan, F. M., Yılmaz Barış, A. C., Ağaoğlu Çobanlar, G. (2023). Chapter VI The Concept of Pop-Up in Space Production and Urban Interiors. In  F. E. Atilo Batista (Ed.), Academic Research & Reviews in Art, Design, Architecture and Fashion Breaking Creative Boundaries (pp. 80-101). Ankara, Türkiye: Global Academy Publishing House.


From ancient Greece to the present, the idea of space has been the focus of research in many scientific fields, including philosophy, the natural sciences, and the social sciences. The term has been given multiple meanings by its interaction with other disciplines, such as sociology, art, and architecture, as well as philosophy. The Turkish Language Association dictionary defines space as "place, location, home," whereas the concept of place is defined as “"the space, location, place that is occupied or can be occupied by something or someone, the ground where one walks, the area where one exists, lives or resides". The English equivalent of the concept of space in the Oxford dictionary is "an area or a place that is empty; an amount of an area or of a place that is available for use; the quality of being large and empty; the whole area in which all things exist and move". The English equivalent of place corresponds to the concepts of "a particular position, point or area; a particular area on a surface; a building or an area of land used for a particular purpose; a house or flat, a person’s home".

"The space that separates the human being from the physical environment to a certain extent and is suitable for carrying out actions in it, the determining environment that emerges by limiting the space and is open to the visual impression and perception of its contents" is how Hasol (2014) defines space in his encyclopedic architectural dictionary. "The face of the land, ground, land, plot" is how he defines place.

Architectural spaces are divided into interior and exterior according to the closedness-openness situation created in human perception by limiting the physical space. Kuban (1992) defines the delimitation of space as the act of separating oneself from the environment, and he defines the architectural action as the act of creating a special space, a structure, where humans can feel comfortable. The user's feeling of comfort in the space is related to the concept of interiority.

“The words containment, confinement, enclosure, imprisonment, privacy, protection, security, and shelter are concepts related to "interiority." Interiority is an abstract quality that enables an interior space to be defined and recognized, a theoretical and immaterial set of contingencies and variables responsible for making “interior space” possible. Interiority is mobile and versatile; it is the point where space becomes elastic with its climatic, physical, and psychological aspects” (McCharthy, 2005). The notion of interiority describes the perceptual and sensory statuses of being “interior” both physically and mentally. According to the Turkish Language Association, the concept of interior in Turkish means "a place within the borders of any area or situation; included; the opposite of outside," as well as "a generation or person between objects or people, between." Being “in” and “within” the space creates different spatial meanings and perceptions according to human perception. In the Turkish Language Association dictionary, 'to be in' is defined as 'being present in the ongoing process' and 'being a part of' in the sense of being 'participating' and 'being present in the setting'.The word 'inside' describes the interior of a physical environment with the meanings 'inner side, inner part, opposite to the outside, inside, inner surface, on the inner surface, in the inner part'.

The state of being inside and outside the space diversifies sociologically, psychologically, culturally, politically, and economically, including the semantic, experiential, and symbolic relationships of individuals, groups, and societies in their daily lives as a result of the interaction of people with their environment. Atmodiwirjo, Yatma, and Ujung (2015), who describe the outside and the inside as two entities that complement each other in a dialectical interaction, define the existence of an 'outsideinterior' with the claim that one can be inside something while being outside something, depending on the experience of the space. The definition of outside interior space as a representational concept includes bodily, perceptual, and mental representations. In this context, it is possible to be inside something while at the same time being inside something else. It is possible to separate space not only spatially but also perceptually and mentally in the sensory-perceptual interior-exterior distinction.

Interior Space is a space beyond color, light and materials and independent of form. Interior space as a mental definition of space that includes people and makes them feel safe, encompasses a multitude of possibilities, theories and practices. (Cai, 2021). Based on these definitions, it is possible to expand the interior-exterior distinction of the space through physical boundaries, perceptual boundaries and mental boundaries. While 'interior space' can be defined with physical limitations, it can also be defined with physical participation and interaction within the space. Therefore, interior space should be examined not only through the boundaries of physical space, but also through perceptual and mental boundaries.

He evaluates Lao Tzu's claim that when a car is disassembled, it ceases to be a car in terms of creating space. It defines architecture as the whole of the acts of creation, purpose, construction, interiors, external form, subjective elements, and other data (Kuban, 2013). This definition carries with it the view that architecture cannot be independent of the interior. For this reason, the concept of 'interior space' embeds itself in an interdisciplinary discussion. Although architecture, as the art of building, tries to build a holistic beauty, the conditions of the period and, accordingly, the requirements and needs of people are changing rapidly. This rapid change brings about a change in the spatial functions defined in the built environment and therefore leads to the consumption and reproduction of interior space independent of the structure. Also, the foundation of interior architecture professional practices is comprised of the mentioned consumption and reproduction cycles.

Tactical' urbanization approaches, which have lately become rapidly prevalent in recent years, have brought new tools and methodologies to'space creation' processes in the city while also questioning the design parameters of traditional public space design. Although bringing the terms 'City' and 'Interior' together may seem like provocative discourse, the combination of the concepts of City and Interior offers means to different experiments and expansions (Leveratto, 2019). When considered in terms of social interactions, the phenomenon of "creating place" in urban space emerges as new urban codes, tactics, and strategies under the roof of social interactions (Cariello, Ferrorelli, and Rotondo, 2021). The city's structure of comprehensive internality is constantly changing with commercial changes in space, objects, and spatial functions, and this structure highlights the fluid, flowing structure of the city (Bruyns, 2019). In the context of the production of urban space, the combination of city and interior elevates the discussion of the city and its interiority to an interdisciplinary level and creates new and fresh perspectives.

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