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CHAPTER 6- EASTERN DIRECTION OF EXTERNAL EUROPEANIZATION: CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS AND STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT                                                                                                                                                                      167                                                                                       
Cite this chapter

Ipatova, O. (2023). Chapter 6 Eastern Direction of External Europeanization: Conceptual Foundations and Stages of Development. In M. E. Camargo  (Ed.), Academic Research & Reviews in Social, Human and Administrative Sciences -II- (pp. 167-191). Ankara, Türkiye: Global Academy Publishing House.

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For the European Union, Eastern Europe has always been part of the «wider Europe”, although the institutionalization of relations with the EE occurred relatively late in the framework of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP, 2003), the Eastern Partnership (The Eastern Partnership, EaP / EP, 2009) and previously signed association agreements (The Association Agreements, AAs, 1997-1999). The process of European integration as "Europeanization" has shifted to the East and has recently reached the Eastern region in its special form of "external Europeanization". There is a positive correlation between the EU cohesion policy as a whole and its separate version - the Eastern Partnership - in all aspects of economic, social, and territorial cohesion, as well as in the field of institutional capacity building. The EU's relations with the EaP countries are very specific since in this region the external and internal periphery of the EU meet and create a special configuration. The Eastern Member States and the Eastern Partnership countries, as neighbors, have intensive contacts, joint experience in solving similar problems, and, at the same time, have different attitudes towards Europeanization strategies.

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